What is Gynaecomastia
Gynaecomastia is described as an increase in the male breast. It can cause a significant source of discomfort and emotional distress. This can be resolved by taking proper medical care and treatment. Treatment is provided toward the specific etiology when identified. In most cases of pubertal gynecomastia, investigation and reassurance are the aids of therapy as the condition usually settles naturally. Pharmacological treatment and surgery are recommended only in few cases.
Gynaecomastia is a condition that may occur in the male population of any age. The condition may be unilateral, bilateral or asymmetrical.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Gynaecomastia?
The breast expansion in gynecomastia is usually symmetrical in a location concerning the nipple and has a rubbery or stiff feel. Both sides are affected, even if it develops on only one side, but the enlargement is greater on one side even if both sides are involved.
Gynaecomastia is not followed by any severe pain, although the increased area may be sensitive or tender. In contrast to male breast reduction or gynecomastia, male breast cancer is normally located only on one side and is not necessarily focused around the nipple.
Symptoms that hint of cancer include:
- a hard or thick feeling to the tissue,
- dimpling of the skin,
- retraction of the nipple,
- areola discharge, and
- Enlargement of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes.
Gynecomastia is normally diagnosed by a physical examination. Breast tissue greater than 0.5 cm in diameter is characterized as Gynecomastia.
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