Hand Surgery deals with the both operational and non-operational treatment of conditions and difficulties that may take place in the hand or upper extremity (generally from the tip of the hand to the shoulder) including injury and infection. Hand surgery may be followed by graduates of general surgery, orthopedic surgery, and plastic surgery.
Cosmetic surgeons and orthopedic surgeons undergo significant training in hand surgery during their residency training, with some graduates continuing to do an additional one-year hand fellowship. A Plastic surgery specialist usually does receive training to handle traumatic hand and digit amputations that require a “replant” operation. Orthopedic surgeons are well qualified to reconstruct all aspects to recover the appendage: tendons, muscle, bone. Orthopedic surgeons are trained to handle complicated fractures of the hand and injuries to the carpal bones that alter the mechanics of the wrist.